In summary, it is clear that issues of nutrition are becoming important as several interventions were identified in Italy with all but one initiated by public bodies. Only one of the interventions was targeted at restaurants. All the programmes were free to use but their impact is hard to assess as only two had evaluation planned into the implementation process. In all but two of the programmes the cost remains unknown. Three programmes had high levels of communication and those also involved scientific knowledge, which was absent from some of the other programmes.